What Is IoT? Everything You Need to Know About IoT?
The term “Internet of Things” has become increasingly popular over the last five years or so, and it looks like we’ll be hearing even more about it in the coming years.
But, as is the case with other hot buzz phrases like this, many people just scratch their heads and ask “What is this and why should I care?”
Generally, overly technical answers to that question only produce more confusion and questions.
That’s why we’re here. In this article, we will explore what the Internet of Things (or IoT for short) is.
So let’s start with “What is IOT”.
The Internet of Things (IoT) Explained: Simply and Non-Technically:-
How are you reading this post right now? It might be on a desktop, on mobile, maybe a tablet, but whatever device you’re using, it’s most definitely connected to the internet.
An internet connection is a wonderful thing, it gives us all sorts of benefits that just weren’t possible before. If you’re old enough, think of your cellphone before it was a smartphone. You could call and you could text sure, but now you can read any book, watch any movie, or listen to any song all in the palm of your hand. And that’s just to name a few of the incredible things your smartphone can do.
The point is that connecting thing to the internet yields many amazing benefits. We’ve all seen these benefits with our smartphones, laptops, and tablets, but this is true for everything else too. And yes, I do mean everything.
The Internet of Things is actually a pretty simple concept, “it means taking all the things in the world and connecting them to the internet”.
To help clarify, I think it’s important to understand the benefits of connecting things to the internet. Why would we even want to connect everything to the internet?
Why IoT Matters:-
When something is connected to the internet, that means that it can send information or receive information, or both. This ability to send and/or receive information makes things smart, and smart is good.
Let’s take smartphones example once again. Right now you can listen to just about any song in the world, but it’s not because your phone actually has every song in the world stored on it.
It’s because every song in the world is stored somewhere else, but your phone can send information (asking for that song) and then receive information (streaming that song on your phone).
To be smart, a thing doesn’t need to have super storage or a supercomputer inside of it. All a thing has to do is connect to super storage or to a supercomputer. Being connected is awesome.
In the Internet of Things, all the things that are being connected to the internet can be put into three categories:
- Things that collect information and then send it.
- Things that receive information and then act on it.
- Things that do both.
1. Collecting and Sending Information:-
This means sensors. Sensors could be temperature sensors, motion sensors, moisture sensors, air quality sensors, light sensors, you name it. These sensors, along with a connection, allow us to automatically collect information from the environment which, in turn, allows us to make more intelligent decisions.
On the farm, automatically getting information about the soil moisture can tell farmers exactly when their crops need to be watered. Instead of watering too much (which can be an expensive over-use of irrigation systems and environmentally wasteful) or watering too little (which can be an expensive loss of crops), the farmer can ensure that crops get exactly the right amount of water. More money for farmers and more food for the world!
2. Receiving and Acting on Information:-
We’re all very familiar with machines getting information and then acting. Your printer receives a document and it prints it. Your car receives a signal from your car keys and the doors open.
3. Doing Both:-
Let’s quickly go back to the farming example. The sensors can collect information about the soil moisture to tell the farmer how much to water the crops, but you don’t actually need the farmer. Instead, the irrigation system can automatically turn on as needed, based on how much moisture is in the soil.
You can take it a step further too. If the irrigation system receives information about the weather from its internet connection, it can also know when it’s going to rain and decide not to water the crops today because they’ll be watered by the rain anyways.
What is IoT?: The internet of Things, or “IoT” for short, is about extending the power of the internet beyond computers and smartphones to a whole range of other things, processes, and environments.
Those “connected” things are used to gather information, send information back, or both.
Why does IoT matter?: IoT provides businesses and people better insight into and control over the 99 percent of objects and environments that remain beyond the reach of the internet.
And by doing so, IoT allows businesses and people to be more connected to the world around them and to do more meaningful, higher-level work.